Honduras bet on November 26 to an unprecedented and atypical electoral process. Ten political forces were confronted by the seizure of power, in two well-marked tendencies: an ultraconservative right represented in the National Party and a left center represented by the Opposition Alliance and the Liberal Party. The country comes from an electoral vocation since 1982. Even in 2009, with the coup d’état to Manuel Zelaya Rosales, the elections did not stop practicing, resulting in the National Party winner, who since 2010 has ruled the country.
The party spectrum in Honduras is composed of 10 legally registered parties. The Liberal Party is the oldest in the country, founded in 1891 and that until 2009 had shared power in a “bipartisan” with the National Party, which emerged from a liberal split in 1902 and today is betting on an illegal reelection and unconstitutional. These two political parties had alternated power with the military during the political life of Honduras.
By the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (PDCH) and the Innovation and Unity Party (PINU) emerged, with a base and social orientation marked by peasant and progressive movements. These two parties never captured 1% of the electorate historically, and their tendency is to disappear.
In the nineties emerged, after the Cold War and all the persecution of the political opposition, the Democratic Unification Party (UD), a left party that never reached any political flow with the electorate. After the coup d’état in 2009, Liberty and Refoundation (LIBRE) emerged, the Anti-Corruption Party (PAC), the Broad Electoral Front in Resistance (FAPER), the Patriotic Alliance of General Romero Vásquez Velásquez and in 2015 the VAMOS Party.
In May 2017 a Free Alliance-PINU and Salvador Nasrralla was formed, which had founded the Anti-Corruption Party from which it was stripped by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, even though in the 2013 elections this political party had obtained a third place with almost half a million of votes.
In the elections on Sunday, November 26, the corporate media declared with an exit poll that the current President of the Republic, Juan Orlando Hernández, who is seeking re-election, had outstripped Nasralla. In the same way, the Alliance declares itself winner with the minutes that the representatives of the polling stations had sent to the party, all this was the result of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) not coming out to give the preliminary results, since it had been the custom in Honduras that at 7:00 p.m. m. On the day of the elections, tendencies were always presented. The suspicion of the population was that the National Party, represented by the President of the Republic, was losing the elections. The TSE left until 2:25 a. m. pressed by the international community and the parties themselves to present the results, at that time the Alliance of Opposition against the Dictatorship with its candidate Salvador Nasralla was winning the elections. In this first count Salvador Nasralla had obtained 855 847 votes, representing 45.17% of the votes, compared to 761 872 representing 40.21% for the current president of the country and candidate of the National Party.
From that moment the TSE entered a suspicious silence, awakening among the population a feeling that an electoral fraud is being forged in favor of Juan Orlando Hernández, since the TSE is managed from the Presidency of the Republic and the presiding magistrate is nationalist. That sentiment gains force because Honduras lives a crisis and loss of democratic institutionality, because Juan Orlando Hernandez controls the three powers of the State at will, in addition to several entities, including the Office of the Public Prosecutor of the Republic.
The general population is very distrustful of the TSE and its magistrates, because they state that there are still no trends and that they will introduce the last minute to declare the winner. That silence of two days has been suspect because the National Party has called its bases to take to the streets and suggest that at the end of the count they will be winners.
One of the magistrates of the TSE, the lawyer Marco Ramiro Lobo bravely came to the public arena before national and international media to declare that the trend is favorable for Salvador Nasralla and that it is irreversible, but the activists and leaders of the National Party insist that it be will reverse, something never seen in Honduras.
The TSE returned to retake the data entry for the presidential payroll until Tuesday, November 28, and Wednesday 29, the distance of 5% has been partially reduced magically to 1%.
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